The Hemp Plant: Everything You Need to Know

Scientist checking hemp flowers

What did our ancestors know about the healing compounds in hemp? Do you think generations before us knew hemp would become the intensifying and therapeutic movement it has become today?

Let’s jump right into the mounting curiosities surrounding hemp. Hemp (Cannabis Sativa), also called industrial hemp, belongs to the Cannabaceae plant family. The hemp plant is a firm, scented, erect annual herb. The slim cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. The leaves are multifarious with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish-yellow.

Hemp is a non-psychoactive kind of cannabis, contains a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) level of less than 0.3 percent — which means when consumed individuals do not experience a high or any psychoactive symptoms. Hemp became federally legal at the end of 2018 when Congress passed the Farm Bill (2018), removing its prior criminalization as a Schedule I controlled substance.

Understanding where hemp is grown and how CBD is extracted can help you better understand the CBD products on the market — or perhaps the ones you are already taking.

How is Hemp Grown?

Hemp is grown in clement zones as an annual cultured from seed — and can reach a height of up to 16 gracious, sinuous feet. Crops cultivated for fiber are tightly sowed and produce plants averaging 6–10 feet) tall. Hemp plants grown for oilseed are planted farther apart, do not grow as tall, and are branched.

Industrial hemp is best grown on soils with a soil pH level of 6 to 7. If the soil pH is lower than the recommended level (a pH of 5 or below), producers amend the soil with lime and plant the following year. If the soil is clay-based, producers should consider growing in another field.

Marijuana Vs. Hemp Plant

What is the difference between marijuana and hemp?

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the chemical responsible for marijuana’s psychological effects. Legal hemp has a maximum THC level of 0.3 percent, so consumers do not feel any psychoactive effect. Hemp contains high cannabidiol (CBD) — which offers numerous health and wellness benefits.

The way in which hemp and marijuana are grown is often different. Hemp is grown closely together and can be produced in a variety of climates. There are numerous variabilities of hemp, which can be grown for fiber, seed, or CBD products. Unlike hemp, marijuana demands a meticulously controlled, warm, and humid environment for proper growth.

Smilyn Wellness CBD Extraction

Here is an in-depth look at the Smilyn Wellness CBD extraction process.

Step 1 Organic Farming

Smilyn only uses natural proprietary strains of phytocannabinoid-rich hemp. Smilyn Wellness hemp is grown in nutrient-rich soil in Colorado. Farmers operate under strict guidelines and implement only 100 percent organic methods.

Step 2 Raw Hemp Processing

Once harvested, the plants are dried and warehoused. When we need a plant for production, it is milled into a coarse powder. The pulverizing method obeys to the highest quality standards in the industry. Once processed, it is transported to our processing and manufacturing facility in Colorado.

Step 3 Proprietary Extraction

We employ a meticulous proprietary hemp extraction and purification process resulting in the highest quality broad-spectrum hemp oil available on the market today.

Step 4 Distillation

The oil is distilled to detach the hemp extract from the food-grade ethanol used in the extraction process. We are one of the few facilities in the world that utilize this food-grade ethanol.

Step 5 THC Removal and Refining

The extraction process eliminates even the tiniest traces of THC. We use exclusive technology to eradicate unwanted compounds still present in the oil. It is then ‘washed’ and ‘polished’ to create the highest quality, zero THC CBD.

Step 6 Lab Testing

We test for quality and potency. This process makes sure that all the cannabinoids, terpenes, essential fatty acids, and phytonutrients are consistent and pure. Each Smilyn CBD product receives a Certificate of Analysis and a Certificate of Quality Assurance.

Step 7 Proprietary Nano Emulsion Technology

Some products require the oil to go through another processing step that transforms it into nano-sized emulsions. This process ensures the most bioavailable broad-spectrum CBD in the industry.

Shop the full collection of Smilyn Wellness hemp-derived products